Ocean Action Hub

What are the challenges faced in your country, region or community in achieving targets 14.7 and 14.b and what will be the benefit of their implementation?

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Irena Zubcevic's picture

Irena Zubcevic said:

Dear Permana Yudiarso,Thank you very much for your valuable comments. I could not agree more that the involvement of local communities is of outmost importance. Stakeholders, including local communities, are often not sufficiently involved in the development, designation and management of area-based measures and blue economy development in a transparent, just and equitable manner, although there is a need to take into account traditional and indigenous knowledge. It will be important to apply a human-centred approach in an effort to balance economic development, social needs and environmental protection, while also taking into account cultural aspects. Sustainable management of marine and coastal ecosystems requires the involvement of both public and private stakeholders and the sustained buy-in of coastal communities. Meaningful alternative livelihoods must be made available to local communities, which should be an integral part of national development agendas. Clear legislative and policy frameworks must be in place to foster community organization and to allow for their full participation in the management of marine resources as stewards. It is important to note that areas with strong sociocultural institutions such as customary taboos and marine tenure, and high levels of local engagement in management have been relatively more successful in achieving certain biodiversity outcomes. I would also like to encourage you to register any partnerships or initiatives launched after 25 September 2015 on the Conference website under: https://oceanconference.un.org/commitments/register/

Irena Zubcevic's picture

Irena Zubcevic said:

Dear Roshan,

Thank you very much for your interesting comments and for these examples from Mauritius. In a lot of coastal zones, different sectoral activities contributing to the blue economy and related stressors are impacting the health of the marine and coastal ecosystems. These sectors and impacts should not be treated in isolation and diverse area-based measures and management tools can be used, including for example the application of an ecosystem approach, marine spatial planning, integrated coastal zone management and the establishment of marine protected areas, consistent with international law and based on scientific information, including representative networks. The main purpose of these measures is to sustainably manage, protect, conserve and restore coastal and marine areas and resources, while also supporting economically valuable activities and having important social impacts. Restoring and protecting the health of oceans and coasts can contribute to strengthening the resilience and adaptive capacity of both natural and human systems to climate change and other threats. Many efforts are ongoing to support the management, protection, conservation and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems, including the development of Member State capacities to integrate climate change adaptation and coastal hazards preparedness into national strategies. The involvement of local communities is hereby crucial. I would also like to encourage you to register any partnerships or initiatives launched after 25 September 2015 on the Conference website under: https://oceanconference.un.org/commitments/register/

Irena Zubcevic's picture

Irena Zubcevic said:

Dear Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation,

Thank you for shedding a light on the challenges faced in Sub Sahara Africa. It is good to hear that you are getting involved in the sustainable management of marine and coastal ecosystems and I encourage you to follow the discussions at the Ocean Conference, which will take place from 5-9 June 2017 in New York and will be webcasted. More information can be found here: https://oceanconference.un.org/

permana yudiarso's picture

permana yudiarso said:

1. Coastal communities has different Level of education;

2. Coastal communities live in evenly distributed coastal areas;

3. remotely access because of lack of transporation

4. lack of law enforcement

5. low level of understanding the importance of marine and coastal resources

6. fragmented governance amongs local government agencies, national government agencies, NGOs, etc.  

Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation's picture

Asabe Shehu Yar... said:

There are several challenges faced in Sub Sahara Africa as the ocean is unkept, the creatures in the ocean cannot breath and move properly.We have written to the appropriate authorities for  measures to be in place to keep the ocean clean and save the creatures.

World Bank Group New York Office's picture

World Bank Grou... said:

Welcome to the online forum on increasing economic benefits to SIDS and LDCs and providing access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets (SDG14.7 and 14.b) in the lead up to the Ocean Conference. I’m happy to be moderating this discussion and looking forward to hearing from you. For billions around the world—especially the world’s poorest—healthy oceans mean jobs, food and protection. Ocean resources have a vast potential to unlock growth and wealth but human activity has taken a toll on ocean health. Proper management of fisheries, investment in sustainable aquaculture and protection of key habitats can restore the productivity of the ocean and return benefits to billions of people in developing countries while ensuring future growth, food security and jobs for coastal communities. I look forward to a useful discussion!

Roshan T Ramessur's picture

Roshan T Ramessur said:

The marine and coastal environment and the goods and services it provides, are under threat in many regions of the world including SIDs like Mauritius . Besides the possibility of actual drowning of some low-lying islands and atolls, the increasing reach of storm waves result in coastal erosion and saltwater intrusion of freshwater reservoirs. Sustainable development however provide more enduring goals than those of economic growth or economic development as our existing paradigm of development not only contributes to the depletion and degradation of the marine natural resources but also accentuates the problems of inequality, unemployment and poverty. Future policies and programmes of accelerating environmentally responsible development will not happen by chance and it is therefore, important to seize the current opportunity to bring about real, if not radical change where technological advancement provides an opportunity to mitigate the devastation caused by natural disasters to a great extent. Implementing sustainable solutions for coastal areas worldwide is not simply a problem for engineering research. Given the importance of coastal water quality to its tourism economy, Mauritius is evaluating other water quality issues relevant to river catchment management and finding solutions to eutrophication issues in coastal lagoons  and groundwater. There is a close linkage between the energy issues and nutrient discharge and recovery issues. In addition, recovering the nutrients available from using wastewater for agricultural irrigation can be pursued and may become more significant as a side benefit of drought management.

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