Ocean Action Hub
  • IOC-UNESCO reports that the indicator methodology on how to conduct ocean acidification observation has been developed and trainings have begun on how to apply the methodology.
  • In June 2019, Member States will be requested to share all data collected on SDG indicator 14.3.1 on ocean acidification.

7 Feb 2019 - The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC-UNESCO) has shared an update on progress in measuring four of the targets for SDG 14 (life below water). Two of the indicators for these targets require methodological development, and two require additional data.

IOC-UNESCO is the custodian agency for the indicators for SDG target 14.3 on ocean acidification, and SDG target 14.a on marine scientific research, and it provides technical support and advice to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), which is working to develop measurement methodologies for SDG target 14.1 on marine pollution and SDG target 14.2 on coastal eutrophication (excessive loading of water with nutrients).

SDG target 14.1 is to be measured using indicator 14.1.1 (Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density), which is currently classified as Tier III, denoting that it requires methodological development, and will not be reflected in the UN’s annual SDG reports. IOC-UNESCO reports that a review of existing indicators and methodologies identified four main types of indicators for coastal eutrophication. These indicators focus on the cause of eutrophication, direct effects of eutrophication, indirect effects of eutrophication and modeled indicators of the potential for coastal eutrophication based on expected influence on eutrophication from land-based activities and nutrient load ratios. IOC-UNESCO also reports that there are four main indicator types for marine litter: plastic debris deposited or washed on beaches or shorelines; plastic debris on the seabed or seafloor; plastic ingested by biota; and plastic debris in the water column. IOC-UNESCO is also working to contribute to the development of the Index of Coastal Eutrophication (ICEP).

CONTINUE READING ONLINE HERE: http://sdg.iisd.org/news/ioc-unesco-provides-update-on-sdg-14-indicator-development/

Photo by IISD/ENB | Mike Muzurakis

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Publication date: 
07/02/2019
Publication Organisation: 
IISD SDG Knowledge Hub
Publication Author: 
CATHERINE BENSON WAHLÉN
Keyword/s: 
Marine Science
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