Ocean Action Hub

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Can eco-tourism help save the ocean? | The Economist

"If you look at the economics of conservation vs extraction, it's very clear that there are incredible benefits to be reaped from protecting natural resources."

This ecotourism in Indonesia has changed the lives of the villagers by revitalizing the local economy through preserving marine protected areas, creating new jobs, and ending destructive fishing practices. Blue Economy at its finest.

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The 9th annual World Ocean Summit

The 9th annual World Ocean Summit will be returning in-person this March in Lisbon, Portugal. The event will welcome 200 speakers and 2,000 participants over three days. 

This global event will bring together the broadest cross-section of the ocean community, from businesses to scientists, government, investors, and civil society. No other event rivals its challenging content and diverse and senior audience, or its influence and impact on the acceleration of progress towards a sustainable ocean economy. It aims to change how business is done in the ocean, shaping and advancing the way in which governments, businesses, and conservation organisations work together to fashion the “blue economy”.

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Covid-19 has led to a pandemic of plastic pollution

23 Jul 2020 - The Economist - As the world produces more protective equipment—and gorges on takeaways—pity the oceans

23 Jul 2020 - The Economist - As the world produces more protective equipment—and gorges on takeaways—pity the oceans

THE THAMES has always been a reflector of the times, says Lara Maiklem, a London “mudlark”. Ms Maiklem spends her days on the river’s foreshore foraging for history’s detritus, from Roman pottery to Victorian clay pipes. She can tell the time of year, she says, just by the type of rubbish she has to sift through: champagne bottles during the first week of January; footballs in summer. The year 2020 has left its own mark. Since the coronavirus reached Britain the mud has sprouted a crop of latex gloves.

In February, half a world away, Gary Stokes docked his boat on Hong Kong’s isolated Soko Island. Soko’s beaches are where OceansAsia, the conservation organisation he runs, sporadically records levels of plastic pollution. Mr Stokes says he is all too accustomed to finding the jetsam the modern world throws up, such as plastic drinks bottles and supermarket carrier-bags. But what he documented that day made news across Hong Kong: 70 surgical facemasks on a 100-metre stretch of beach. Having cleaned it up, he went back four days later. Like a stubborn weed, the masks had returned.

CONTINUE READING ONLINE HERE: https://www.economist.com/international/2020/06/22/covid-19-has-led-to-a-pandemic-of-plastic-pollution

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How noise pollution threatens ocean life

27 Mar 2020 - Noise pollution has led to multiple whale-strandings and poses a threat to thousands of ocean creatures.

27 Mar 2020 - Noise pollution has led to multiple whale-strandings and poses a threat to thousands of ocean creatures. Meet the scientist who is mapping ocean noise in a bid to dial down the volume.

WATCH ONLINE HERE: https://www.woi.economist.com/how-noise-pollution-threatens-ocean-life/?linkId=100000011471636

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The Economist Group's World Ocean Summit 2020, Tokyo, Japan

See the statement on the cancellation of the summit here.

Since 2012, the World Ocean Summit has been the premier global event at which policymakers, business leaders, campaigners and scientists have gathered for a full and frank discussion about building a truly “blue” economy. This means harnessing ocean resources for economic growth while at the same time protecting the environment and ensuring social equity.

Reflecting the international nature of the ocean, the summit is held on a different continent each year. On 9-10 March 2020, the World Ocean Summit will be held in Tokyo. Japan is one of the world’s foremost maritime nations with a long and rich history with the ocean. Since antiquity, the sea has played a central role in its economy, culture and society.

The World Ocean Summit is the centrepiece of The Economist Group’s World Ocean Initiative. The Initiative provides insight and analysis on the greatest challenges facing the seas and progress towards building the blue economy.

TO LEARN MORE, VISIT: https://www.woi.economist.com/world-ocean-summit/?utm_source=EM1660_Email_HTML4&RefID=EM1660_Email_HTML4

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The Economist World Ocean Summit 2019, Abu Dhabi

The sixth World Ocean Summit will strive to build greater collaboration across regions and connect the world to new ideas and perspectives.

Taking place in March 2019, this world-renowned event will take place in the Middle East for the first time – a region often overlooked in ocean discussions.

The Economist will bring together political leaders and policymakers, heads of global business, scientists, NGOs and multilaterals from across the globe, and will aim to provide a forum for discussion amongst a more diverse and representative participation on the future of the ocean than ever before.

Featured Topics

The overarching theme for the sixth annual World Ocean Summit is Building bridges.

We will ask what new thinking, coming from diverse parts of the world, can contribute to the sustainable development of the ocean? How can this new information be shared globally? How can collaboration between countries and regions be optimised? Featured topics include;

• Finance: the role of sovereign wealth funds; blue carbon systems; insurance; Islamic finance and the ocean

• Technology and innovation: aquaculture; a focus on cities and waste management

• Governance: illegal fishing; lessons from land economies

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Can conservation save our ocean? | The Economist

In order to avoid disaster–and to ensure a sustainable supply of fish for the future–far more of our ocean needs urgent protection.

The ocean is facing its greatest ever challenge - overfishing, pollution and climate change are all threatening the health of a resource on which the whole world depends.

The crew of this ship is on a mission to try and save one of the most endangered sea creatures on the planet. They’re in the middle of a marine protected area in Mexico - a conservation zone where certain types of fishing are banned.

Local fishermen are poaching a species of fish that is so highly prized in China, they can make tens of thousands of dollars in just one night. With ocean life under threat from overfishing, pollution and climate change, could marine protected areas be the answer?

Near the Mexican fishing town of San Felipe, on the The Upper Gulf of California... Conservation group, Sea Shepherd is working with the authorities to help enforce a Marine Protected Area - or MPA. A designated section of ocean to be conserved, managed and protected.

Maintaining rich, diverse ecosystems is key for the health of the Ocean - and ultimately the survival of humanity. But ocean life is under threat. From plants to micro-organisms and animals, species are disappearing forever.

Marine Biologist Patricia Gandolfo and the rest of the Sea Shepherd crew are here to stop poachers.

Caught up in the nets of the criminal gangs and local fishermen is one particularly rare porpoise - the Vaquita. Worldwide there are thousands of sea species currently threatened with extinction. Losing just one species from the food chain can have a disastrous effect on an entire ecosystem.

After it’s sold on, the Totoaba’s swim bladder can fetch up to $100,000 a kilo in China, where it’s prized for its medicinal properties.

Critics disapprove of Sea Shepherds use of direct-action tactics in some of their campaigns, but in the Gulf of California, their presence is welcomed by the Mexican government.

Globally, the fishing industry employs 260 million people, but many more subsistence fishermen depend on the ocean for their income. Local fisherman here claim protecting the ocean has limited how they can fish, destroying their way of life. Yet doing nothing may ultimately present more of a threat to their livelihoods.

Currently Marine Protected Areas make up only 3.6% of the world’s ocean but a growing number of scientists are calling for 30% to be protected by 2030.

Cabo Pulmo now has a thriving eco-tourism and diving industry. The environmental rewards provided by the MPA to the local community have been valued at millions of dollars a year - Far more than they ever made from fishing.

The ocean is facing its greatest ever challenge - overfishing, pollution and climate change are all threatening the health of a resource on which the whole world depends.

Marine protected areas can come in many forms. But if they are to be effective, they must align the need for conservation with the needs of those who depend on the ocean for survival.

In order to avoid disaster–and to ensure a sustainable supply of fish for the future–far more of our ocean needs urgent protection.

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The temperature of the ocean is rising

13 Mar 2018 - Further improvements in data-gathering technology could improve forecasting of extreme weather events.

13 Mar 2018 - MEASURING the temperature of something as stratified as the ocean has never been easy. Before the 1980s, ships automatically recorded the temperature of water flowing through their ports, but the great depth variance of these ports and the dearth of data outside major shipping routes made the figures incomplete and unreliable. Next came satellites, which were able to capture more surface-temperature data in three months than the total compiled in all the years prior to their advent. Nonetheless, they too have limitations: for example, their infrared sensors are susceptible to cloud contamination.

Continuous monitoring of sea temperatures only began in 2000, run by an international collaboration called Argo. This is a regularly replenished fleet of untethered buoys, now numbering nearly 4,000, which divide their time between the surface and the depths, drifting at the whim of the currents. Over ten-day cycles they sink slowly down to about 2,000 metres (6,560 feet) and back up, measuring temperature and salinity as they go. Although the network is still sparse—one float for every Honduras-sized patch of ocean—their data have revolutionised oceanographers’ understanding of their subject.

One of the biggest benefits of better-measured seas is the possibility of getting to grips with dramatic weather events. The top three metres of the oceans hold more heat energy than the entire atmosphere does. How much of that energy escapes into the air, and when and where it does so, drives the strength and frequency of storm systems. And more and more energy is becoming available to do that driving. During the past hundred years, the average surface temperature of the seas has risen by about 0.9°C (1.6°F), according to America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This means that, since the 1980s, about a billion times the heat energy of the atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki has been added to the ocean—roughly an atomic explosion every few seconds.

Yet even as the amount of energy the oceans hold has risen, the details of its transfer to the atmosphere remain unknown for large swathes of water. This is particularly important when it comes to understanding a phenomenon like the South Asian monsoon. Its rains are driven by the huge size of the Bay of Bengal, and by the amount of fresh water that pours into it from the Ganges and Brahmaputra river systems. Because this buoyant fresh water cannot easily mix with the denser salty water below it, the surface gets very warm indeed, driving prodigious amounts of evaporation. Better understanding these processes would improve monsoon forecasts—and could help predict cyclones, too.

CONTINUE READING: https://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2018/03/daily-chart-6

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World Ocean Summit 2018

The Economist Events' fifth World Ocean Summit was held in Mexico on 7 - 9 March 2018 and expanded into a wider, more ambitious World Ocean Initiative focused on five pillars: sustainable fisheries

, pollution, climate change, finance and technology. Its aim is ambitious: to deepen engagement with the private sector and particularly private capital's involvement with the ocean. At the World Ocean Summit 2018, particiants:

  • Meet with impact investors, decision-makers, government officials, and leaders in environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) who can drive scalable, sustainable investment in the ocean.
  • Define investment frameworks, with the ocean community, for scaling responses in the areas of plastics and pollution, sustainable fisheries and climate change.
  • Build strategic partnerships with the public and private sectors to build sustainable best practices within your organisation, country or industry, and lead change.

What's new for 2018?

  • An extension of the Word Ocean Summit 2017, deepening on the issue of financing
  • Focus on measurement providing accountability of blue initiatives in the areas of fisheries, pollution and climate change
  • The first business case of the blue economy that drives discussions on investments and growth in the blue economy

Featured speakers included:

  • Luis​ ​Guillermo​ ​Solís,​ ​president,​ ​​Costa​ ​Rica 
  • Guðni​ ​Th.​ ​Jóhannesson,​ ​president,​ ​​Iceland 
  • Enrique​ ​Peña​ ​Nieto,​ ​president,​ ​​Mexico 
  • Erna​ ​Solberg,​ ​prime​ ​minister,​ ​​Norway​ ​​(via​ ​live​ ​video) 
  • Tarsicio​ ​Granizo,​ ​minister​ ​of​ ​environment,​ ​​Ecuador 
  • Arif​ ​Havas​ ​Oegroseno,​ ​deputy​ ​coordinating​ ​minister​ ​of​ ​maritime​ ​affairs,​ ​​Indonesia 
  • Vidar​ ​Helgesen,​ ​minister​ ​of​ ​climate​ ​and​ ​environment,​ ​​Norway 
  • Beth​ ​Christensen,​ ​professor​ ​and​ ​director​ ​of​ ​environmental​ ​studies​ ​programme,  Adelphi​ ​University 
  • Dagmar​ ​Nelissen,​ ​senior​ ​researcher​ ​and​ ​consultant,​ ​​CE​ ​Delft  
  • Geir​ ​Molvik,​ ​chief​ ​executive​ ​officer,​ ​​Cermaq 
  • Michael​ ​Eckhart,​ ​managing​ ​director​ ​and​ ​global​ ​head​ ​of​ ​environmental​ ​finance,  Citigroup 
  • Werner​ ​Hoyer,​ ​president,​ ​​European​ ​Investment​ ​Bank 
  • Jonathan​ ​Taylor,​ ​vice-president,​ ​​European​ ​Investment​ ​Bank  
  • Matthew​ ​Arnold,​ ​managing​ ​director​ ​and​ ​global​ ​head​ ​of​ ​sustainable​ ​finance,  JPMorgan​ ​Chase​ ​&​ ​Co. 
  • Gary​ ​Gysin,​ ​chief​ ​executive​ ​officer,​ ​​Liquid​ ​Robotics,​ ​A​ ​Boeing​ ​Company 
  • Alf-Helge​ ​Aarskog,​ ​chief​ ​executive​ ​officer,​ ​​Marine​ ​Harvest 
  • Sylvia​ ​Earle,​ ​president​ ​and​ ​chairman,​ ​​Mission​ ​Blue 
  • Claus​ ​Fuglsang,​ ​senior​ ​vice-president,​ ​research​ ​and​ ​technology,​ ​​Novozymes 
  • Alexandra​ ​Cousteau,​ ​senior​ ​advisor,​ ​​Oceana 
  • Carter​ ​Ries​ ​and​ ​Olivia​ ​Ries,​ ​co-founders,​ ​​One​ ​More​ ​Generation 
  • Francisco​ ​Saraiva​ ​Gomes,​ ​chief​ ​executive​ ​officer,​ ​​Pontos​ ​Aqua​ ​Holdings 
  • Rolando​ ​Morillo,​ ​vice-president,​ ​sustainability​ ​and​ ​impact​ ​group,​ ​​Rockefeller​ ​&​ ​Co 
  • Martyn​ ​Parker,​ ​chairman,​ ​global​ ​partnership,​ ​​Swiss​ ​Re 
  • Darian​ ​McBain,​ ​global​ ​director​ ​of​ ​sustainable​ ​development,​ ​​Thai​ ​Union 
  • Peter​ ​Thomson,​ ​special​ ​envoy​ ​for​ ​the​ ​ocean,​ ​​United​ ​Nations 
  • Richard​ ​Branson,​ ​founder,​ ​​Virgin​ ​Group​​ ​(via​ ​live​ ​video) 
  • John​ ​Haley,​ ​chief​ ​executive​ ​officer,​​ ​Willis​ ​Towers​ ​Watson 
  • Audrey​ ​Azoulay,​ ​director-general,​ ​​UNESCO  Paula​ ​Caballero,​ ​global​ ​director,​ ​climate​ ​programme,​ ​​World​ ​Resources​ ​Institute 
  • Margaret​ ​Leinen,​ ​director,​ ​Scripps​ ​Institution​ ​of​ ​Oceanography,​​ ​University​ ​of  California,​ ​San​ ​Diego
  • Timothy​ ​Gordon​ ​,​ ​marine​ ​biologist,​ ​​University​ ​of​ ​Exeter 
  •  Ove​ ​Hoegh-Guldberg,​ ​director,​ ​Global​ ​Change​ ​Institute,​​ ​University​ ​of​ ​Queensland  
  • Paul​ ​Jardine,​ ​executive​ ​vice-president​ ​and​ ​chief​ ​experience​ ​officer,​ ​​XL​ ​Catlin 
  • Roz​ ​Savage,​ ​senior​ ​fellow,​ ​Jackson​ ​Institute​ ​for​ ​Global​ ​Affairs,​ ​​Yale​ ​University 
  • Rana​ ​Kapoor,​ ​managing​ ​director​ ​and​ ​chief​ ​executive​ ​officer,​ ​​YES​ ​BANK  

For event updates, follow the World Ocean Summit on Twitter via @Economist_WOS with the hashtag #OceanSummit

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4th World Ocean Summit, Bali, Indonesia

Focus: How to finance a sustainable ocean economy. Organized by The Economist.

Organized by The Economist, the summit aims to bring a critical eye to the vital issue of how to finance a sustainable ocean economy in order to mobilise a new discussion on how capital and the private sector can drive scalable, sustainable investment in the ocean. 

Register at: http://econ.st/1NEx9pT