Ocean Action Hub

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Las buenas prácticas de pesca son el legado para nuestras futuras generaciones

4 Apr 2017 - En Guatemala se calcula que la industria pesquera generó un total de 22,900 empleos para el año 2014, del cual 97% corresponde a la pesca artesanal (FAO, 2014).

El uso sostenible de la biodiversidad que se encuentra en esta región es una oportunidad para el desarrollo social y económico de sus habitantes.

Sin embargo, las malas prácticas de pesca artesanal de algunas comunidades que viven en la Reserva Natural de Usos Múltiples Monterrico, están poniendo en peligro a varias especies. Es necesario cambiar estas prácticas para continuar recibiendo los beneficios actuales, sin comprometer el estado de la biodiversidad a futuro.

El proyecto "Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad en Áreas Protegidas Marino Costeras" ha brindado apoyo a la Dirección de Normatividad de la Pesca y Acuicultura (DIPESCA) del Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación (MAGA) para identificar y disminuir las malas prácticas en la pesca artesanal. Más información: http://bit.ly/2nYTr47

Proyecto PNUD/GEF “Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad en Áreas Protegidas Marino Costeras” en Guatemala.

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Good fishing practices are the legacy for our future generations

Video from the UNDP/GEF project, “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Coastal Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)” in Guatemala.

Video from the UNDP/GEF project, “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Coastal Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)” in Guatemala.

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El mangle es de todos y todas

4 Apr 2017 - En Guatemala, los bosques de mangle conforman el principal ecosistema natural a lo largo de la Costa del Pacífico y cubren un total de 17,670.56 hectáreas del territorio nacio

4 Apr 2017 - En Guatemala, los bosques de mangle conforman el principal ecosistema natural a lo largo de la Costa del Pacífico y cubren un total de 17,670.56 hectáreas del territorio nacional (MARN, 2013). El ecosistema manglar es un refugio para la fauna costera marina y brinda múltiples beneficios a las familias locales, incluyendo fuentes de alimento.

Sin embargo, las necesidades de subsistencia de muchas comunidades del Parque Nacional Sipacate Naranjo les obligan a presionar significativamente al manglar.

Actualmente, el Parque Nacional Sipacate Naranjo está siendo afectado por el avance de la agroindustria, tala ilegal, artes de pesca inapropiadas y producción de sal, entre otras actividades.

El proyecto "Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad en Áreas Protegidas Marino Costeras" ha brindado apoyo al Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (CONAP) para fortalecer el control y vigilancia del Parque Nacional Sipacate Naranjo. Más información: http://bit.ly/2nYTr47

Proyecto PNUD/GEF “Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad en Áreas Protegidas Marino Costeras” en Guatemala.

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Mangroves are for all of us

Video telling the story of the UNDP/GEF project, “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Coastal Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)” in Guatemala.

Video telling the story of the UNDP/GEF project, “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Coastal Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)” in Guatemala.

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Timor-Leste Ocean National Consultation
The Timor-Leste Ocean National Consultation took the form of a side event as part of the Global Conference on the 2030 Agenda.

Side Event on SDG 14 “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”

The Timor-Leste Ocean National Consultation took the form of a side event as part of the Global Conference on the 2030 Agenda in Dili, Timor-Leste on 23 May 2017. 

Discussion topics:

  1. The Oceans and State Sovereignty      
  2. Economic Diversification and the Blue Economy
  3. Sustainable Fisheries
  4. Global Partnership for SDG 14
  5. Climate change and the impact on the Oceans
  6. Generating momentum to implement SDG 14
  7. Marine pollution and ocean conservation

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Philippines to set voluntary commitments to protect the oceans

16 May 2017 – The Philippines is holding a national Ocean Conference to agree commitments in response to the UN's call for concrete actions to protect the ocean.

16 May 2017 (Cebu City) – The Philippines will set its voluntary commitments to protect and conserve the oceans at the Philippine Ocean Conference to be held in Cebu City on 16-17 May 2017. The conference is in response to the United Nations’ call for concrete actions to protect the oceans and achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14: Life Below Water.

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), through the Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB), and the Department of Agriculture (DA) through the Bureau of Fisheries and Agricultural Research (BFAR), are hosting the national consultation with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The Philippines’ voluntary commitments will be presented during the Ocean Conference to be held in New York on 5-9 June 2017.

The Philippines is one of the 18 mega-diverse countries in the world, harboring two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and home to between 70-80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The coastal waters of the Philippines alone boast of the highest marine biodiversity in the world – a total of 464 reef-building coral species or nearly half of all known coral species in the world, and an estimated 10,000 aquatic species or approximately one fifth of all known species globally. In fact, the country’s marine waters are seen as the epicenter of marine biodiversity on earth. In 2012, the Philippines ranked 7th in the top fish producing countries in the world.

“The sheer expanse and richness of the Philippines’ marine biodiversity naturally sustains the life of millions of Filipino people – the health and productivity of the coastal and marine environments are crucial for their livelihoods and food security. Despite immense efforts that the government and its partners have done in the past, the threats that contribute to the degradation of our oceans continue to increase. It is a call for all of us to learn from our past efforts and do more,” says DENR Biodiversity Management Bureau Director Theresa Mundita Lim.

Over exploitation, unsustainable practices, over-fishing, poor fisheries management practices, and natural disasters exacerbated by climate change are contributing significantly to an alarming rate of marine biodiversity loss.

“The government acknowledges that the conservation of Life Below Water is a shared responsibility. That is why it is actively working with other stakeholders including the scientific community and the academe in fulfilling its mandate to protect the ocean,” DA Undersecretary for Fisheries and BFAR National Director Eduardo Gongona.

The Philippine Ocean Conference will develop voluntary commitments from relevant national, regional and local agencies as well as private sector, multilateral and bilateral agencies and the academe.

“SDG 14 targets are ambitious.  They need a huge push or they may well be missed.  Many of the targets have a deadline of 2020 – only 3 years away – and we have no time to lose. Globally and nationally we are not in a good place. We lack data and a good understanding on the impact we are having on the oceans and how much we depend on them for our own survival,” UNDP Philippine Country Director Titon Mitra said.

“The Ocean Conference has to be a game changer - it has to come up with an action agenda to halt the serious and alarming decline in the state of our oceans. The voluntary commitments we develop at this national consultation should be underpinned by concrete targets and strategic actions.”

“The Philippines’ voluntary commitments will be registered to the Ocean Conference Commitments Registry, https://oceanconference.un.org/commitments/, which is the platform developed for all public and private organizations – including governments, local communities, NGOs, private sector and multilateral organizations – working on ocean-related issues to register their initiatives/projects as voluntary commitments for the implementation of SDG 14. The list of voluntary commitments will be announced at the Ocean Conference in New York (5-9 June 2017), together with a global “Call for Action” to support the implementation of goal 14.”

The Philippine Ocean Conference is attended by close to 140 stakeholders including DENR-BMB Director Theresa Mundita Lim, DA Undersecretary for Fisheries and BFAR National Director Eduardo Gongona, National Economic and Development Authority Assistant Secretary Mercedita Sombilla, UNDP Philippines Country Director Titon Mitra, UNDP Technical Adviser Jose Padilla, DENR-BMB Assistant Director Antonio Manila, DENR Region VII Director Emma Milan, Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) Resource Facility Senior Country Program Manager Nancy Bermas, representatives from the Philippine Statistics Authority, Department of Foreign Affairs, other government agencies, NGOs, community-based organisations, private sector, and multilateral and bilateral agencies. 

Media contact:

UNDP Philippines

Jaclyn Grey, Communications Associate

Mobile: +63 917 581 0495

Email: jaclyn.grey@undp.org

Website:  www.ph.undp.org || Twitter: @UNDPPH

Facebook: www.facebook.com/undp.ph

For more information, please contact:

Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Biodiversity Management Bureau

Ms. Desiree Eve Maaño, DENR-BMB Coastal and Marine Division

Tel. 9246031 loc 207
925 8948

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About Peru’s Marine Ecosystems: Achieving integrated management

Peru is the world’s fourth largest fish-producing country. Its territory - totaling 600,000 km2 - provides approximately US$ 8175 million in goods and services.

The coastal population therefore depends largely on fishing activity, with more than 44,000 artisanal fisherfolk who depend on these resources. However, the vulnerability of coastal marine ecosystems continues to increase.

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is working closely with the Government of Peru to improve ocean management and sustain livelihoods at local, national and regional levels through effective ocean governance and supporting ecosystem-based management approaches to fisheries and other resource management in Peru’s marine ecosystems, contributing to National Determinate Contributions.

Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystems (LME) Project

The Humboldt Current is one of the world’s most productive LMEs, representing approximately 6% of the global fish catch in 2015 (an El Niño year) and gener­ating goods and services of approximately US$20 billion annually. In 2015, total annual landings in Chile and Peru were approximately 5.8 million tonnes, of which about 70% were harvested in Peruvian waters. Since 2012, Chile and Peru have been assisted by UNDP and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to achieve sustainable ecosystem management of the LME.

Through the Humboldt Project, Chile and Peru signed the Humboldt Current LME Strategic Action Plan (SAP), which promotes a multi-sectoral approach to the area’s management. Its implementation will help deliver key Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to marine conservation, food security, poverty reduction, gender equality, biodiversity protection, good governance, sustainable production and consumption.

The initiative has also promoted the ecosystem-based management approach to fisheries management and has brought Chilean and Peruvian scientists together to work towards standardized stock assessment methodologies and a coordinated approach to the straddling stock management. UNDP is currently working with the Peruvian and Chile Governments to implement the SAP under the Project Preparation Grant approved by GEF in 2016.

Coastal Fisheries Initiative (CFI) in the Southeastern Pacific Ocean

Peru and Ecuador both share the rich biodiversity and fishery resources of the transition zone between the Humboldt Current LME and the Central American Pacific. CIF is coordinating work between both countries’ fishing and environmental authorities. The area includes important fisheries, which have had an uncontrolled expansion driven mainly by an increase in market demand, free access policies, lack of regulation, surveillance and sanctions. The CFI-Latin America Project will focus on strengthening fisheries governance, especially in artisanal and small-scale fisheries and marine-coastal areas and creating synergies between fisheries and marine protected areas, helping to demonstrate holistic management and an ecosystem-based approach to improve the governance of coastal fisheries in the Southeast Pacific. 

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About Guatemala and SDG 14: Compromise into action

Guatemala enjoys a privileged geographic location in Central America, with coasts on both the Pacific and Caribbean Oceans.

The Guatemalan coast spans 402 km, 254 km of Pacific and 148 km of Caribbean coastline. The marine territory is estimated to cover 120,229.59 km2, which includes the Exclusive Economic Zone (EZZ) of both oceans.

Our context and challenges:

Guatemala’s Pacific coast comprises 6 departments, 17 municipalities and close to 300 communities; an estimated of 620,228 people live in the coastal municipalities, within a highly diverse social and cultural framework. The average percentage of people living in poverty in the Pacific coast region is 56% and the percentage of the population living in extreme poverty is 12%.

  • FISHERIES: The fishing industry generated a total of 22,900 jobs by 2014, of which 97% were in local fisheries, according to the FAO. Overexploitation of marine-coastal resources, especially due to unsustainable fishing practices, is a major problem.
  • BIODIVERSITY: Guatemala has been recognized by the Convention on Biological Diversity as part of the Megadiverse Countries. In the Pacific, at least 1,505 species of flora and fauna have been reported, some of them listed as vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.
  • COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS: Mangrove forests are the main natural ecosystem along the Pacific coast, covering a total of 17,670.56 hectares, and are used for firewood and construction by local communities. The country has lost about 50% of its original mangrove cover since the 1950s.
  • MARINE PROTECTED AREAS: Within the Guatemalan System of Protected Areas (SIGAP) just 2.95% of the total national territory represents marine-coastal protected areas (MPAs), the majority corresponding to Punta Manabique Wildlife Refuge in the Caribbean. These MPAs are insufficient for conserving the country’s rich marine-coastal biodiversity according to the Aichi Targets (10% of coastal and marine areas).
  • MARINE POLLUTION: Contamination of water bodies caused by unplanned coastal development (urban, industry, agricultural and tourism expansion), is a serious problem. In the majority of municipalities of the Pacific, wastewater drains directly into the rivers and estuaries un treated; it is estimated that only 5% of wastewater nationally is treated. Regarding solid waste, rural populations generally burn, bury or throw trash into inappropriate locations such as rivers and green areas (including mangroves).
  • CLIMATE CHANGE: Guatemala has been considered as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. The impacts of climate change are related to extreme conditions in the Pacific, from temperature increases which implies a drastic reduction in water availability, to more frequent storms and severe flooding during the rainy season. Long term, mangroves will be affected if rises in sea level and temperature occur; climate change would adversely affect ecosystem services, acidification especially can impact marine organisms such as corals, snails, mussels, oysters and shells.

All the actors and sectors in the country, incdluing national and local governments, NGOs, academia, private sector and civil society, have a framework of reference that provides the necessary guidelines to contribute to the achievement of SDG 14, the National Coastal Marine Policy and the Development National Plan 2032.

Protecting oceans and life below water (SDG 14) is more than relevant to Guatemala’s sustainable development, as coastal-marine goods and services are linked with human wellbeing.

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Honduras Ocean National Consultation

Consultations are being held from 22-26 May 2017 in: Tegucigalpa, Roatan, La Ceiba and San Lorenzo.

Honduras' Ocean National Consultation will take place from 22 - 26 May 2017 in the following four locations: Tegucigalpa, Roatan, La Ceiba and San Lorenzo. Participants in the consultations will include representatives of government, civil society, local communities, academia, conservation/environmental groups and the media.

The Consultation results will be shared during two events at the “Semana de los Oceanos”, an event led by Mi Ambiente (The Ministry of Environment) taking place between 5 - 9 June 2017, to coincide with The Ocean Conference in New York. 

For more information contact UNDP Honduras >

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Mauritius: 2-Day Preparatory workshop ahead of the Ocean Conference to support Implementation of SDG14

Organized by the Ministry of Ocean Economy, Marine Resources, Fisheries and Shipping, in collaboration with UNDP.

2-Day Preparatory workshop ahead of the Ocean Conference (June 2017) to support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG 14), 17-18 May 2017

The Ministry of Ocean Economy, Marine Resources, Fisheries and Shipping is, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), organising a 2-day workshop ahead of the Ocean Conference to support the Implementation of SDG 14 at Ravenala Attitude Hotel, Balaclava, Mauritius. The draft Agenda is attached herewith.