After an arduous joint work, the governments of Peru and Chile completed the design of a binational project that seeks to ensure sustainable use of the living marine resources, shared by both countries in the Great Marine Ecosystem of the Humboldt Current.
At present, this ecosystem represents 20% of the world's fisheries and it is estimated that this percentage could be even higher if remained uncertainties related to the effects of climate change are solved.
That is why the governments of Peru and Chile today renew their efforts through the project "Catalyzing the implementation of a strategic action program for the sustainable management of shared living marine resources in the Humboldt current system" which will reduce the current human pressures in this ecosystem, increase resilience to climate change and thus generate opportunities for the economies of both countries.
This binational project will be oriented to implement the Strategic Action Program (PAE), signed by Peru and Chile in 2016, and will be carried out through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with financing from the Fund for the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and governments, private sector and NGOs from both countries.
It is worth mentioning that the executing agencies will be the Vice-ministerial Office of Fisheries and Aquaculture of the Ministry of Production of Peru and the Undersecretariat for Fisheries and Aquaculture (DUBPESCA) of the Ministry of Economy of Chile.
In the coming years, the project is expected to achieve: (1) better governance of the fisheries of both countries, with emphasis on the stock of anchovy from southern Peru and northern Chile; (2) the integrated management of marine-coastal zones thanks to pilot actions in the Paracas and Iquique Bays that could be replicable throughout the region; (3) protecting the biodiversity and sustainability of these ecosystems through model interventions in the districts of San Juan de Marcona (Peru) and Chipana e Isla Grande de Atacama (Chile), as well as creation of a technical cooperation network in marine areas prioritized for the conservation of the Humboldt Current System; (4) promoting diversified fish production, with new opportunities within and out of the fishing sector; (5) promoting food security, with the increase in the internal supply of hydrobiological resources and taking into account sanitary aspects related to fishing; and (6) wide dissemination of the learned lessons.
This project is part of the GEF International Water Portfolio and it is aligned in a global context that recognizes the oceans as a key element to promote and sustainable development. The previous phase of this project was also executed by the UNDP and GEF financing, with the Institute of the Sea of Peru (IMARPE) and the Fisheries Development Institute of Chile (IFOP) as focal points.
Translation by Bora Kim, UNV in Forests and Climate Change Topics