30 May 2017 - Our ocean is life. It gives us food to eat, fresh water to drink, and jobs to make a living. It protects us from the worst effects of climate change. But humanity hasn’t been too kind to our ocean. We’ve polluted, exhausted, and in parts destroyed this valuable resource. Today, 40% of our oceans are considered heavily affected by human activity.
We know we need to act now, but what can we, as individuals, do to save our ocean?
1. Stop drinking bottled water.
Ever bought a plastic water bottle and thrown it away after one use? Every day, millions of people around the world are doing the exact same thing.
Given that the global plastics recycling rate is only about 25 percent, much of our plastic waste ends up in the ocean — and a lot of that is single-use water bottles. It takes at least 450 years for one plastic bottle to degrade, so you can imagine the damage it causes. Think twice when buying plastic bottles. Get a non-disposable, stainless steel bottle and fill up as you go instead!
2. Don’t throw cigarette butts on the street.
Cigarettes harm humans, but did you know they also harm our ocean? Each year, 4.5 trillion cigarette butts are littered worldwide. Just like plastic bottles, many of them find their way into our ocean and onto our shores. Cigarette filters are comprised of thousands of chemical ingredients, which can kill marine and freshwater fish. So if you’re a smoker, throw your cigarette butt in a bin, not on the floor.
3. Make better seafood choices
While global demand for fish is increasing every year, fisheries around the world are collapsing because of unsustainable fishing practices. When you buy fish, make sure it’s been caught or farmed in an environmentally responsible way. Unsure of what fish to buy? This little helper makes it easier for you.
4. Lower your carbon footprint
The ocean absorbs over 25% of human carbon dioxide emissions. That results in ‘ocean acidification’ which harms a wide array of marine species. Stopping ocean acidification is the same as fighting climate change: we need to reduce global carbon dioxide emissions. On a personal level, that means opting for your bike or public transport instead of your car, reducing your overall energy consumption, using green energy like solar and wind, and making more conscious choices about what you eat and shop. Find more detailed information on how you can calculate and reduce your carbon footprint here.
5. Don’t use disposable plastic cups, cutlery, and straws.
Over 50% of sea turtles found dead have ingested some form of marine litter. If we want to save our marine life, we need to rethink our use of plastics. Why use disposable cups, cutlery and straws that harm the environment when you can bring your own and reuse it as many times as you want?
CONTINUE READING HERE: https://medium.com/we-the-peoples/10-things-you-can-do-to-save-our-ocean-fc8540ff0cd4