Ocean Action Hub

Scientific Knowledge, Research & Technology Transfer - Closed

Welcome to the online discussion on increasing scientific knowledge, and developing research capacity and transfer of marine technology to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to development. The discussion is taking place during the preparatory process for The Ocean Conference in order to engage stakeholders in assessing the challenges and opportunities related to delivering on implementation of SDG 14.a. The discussion runs from 27 March – 23 April 2017. More....

To participate, please post your response to the discussion questions below.

Scientific Knowledge & Research Capacity - Question 1

What are the challenges faced in your community, country or region in achieving Target 14.a aiming to increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to development?

Log in or register to post comments
Tomás de Oliveira Bredariol's picture

Tomás de Olivei... said:

In Brazil we face several challenges, among which: financial and physical resources limitations, curtailing research potential and government initiatives; scarce information available regarding environmental components and ecosystem functioning, see the recent discovery of the Amazon Reef; and the lack of consolidated networks uniting people involved in this field of work, hindering cooperation and sharing of knowledge. Thus, scientific learning would benefit significantly from: increased and continuous funding opportunities; international cooperation and know-how sharing; and the organization of specific networks, including interested parties from other countries (e.g. marine oil and gas regulators forum).

LEBEAU PEMHA THINA's picture

LEBEAU PEMHA THINA said:

La lutte contre le changement climatique l'ENJEU Pourrait Être le atout important sanitaire du XXI ème siècle . L'augmentation de la température moyenne de l'atmosphère et des océans la fonte des compositions provoquent neiges, des glaces, l'acidification des océans et l'élévation du niveau des mers. Elle le Cycle de modifie l'eau et l' augmentation de juin entraine l'intensité, et de la fréquence des Phénomènes Climatiques Extrêmes: Canicule, sècheresse, cyclones,, Inondations etc ... Le réchauffement de la planète bel et bien is Une Réalité. la température de notre moyenne globale en 2012 Terre Était, en effet, de 0,86 ° supérieure C à 1881 ded Celle : selon les Donnees Par le Groupe recueillies d'experts Intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat (GIEC). Et Causé par CE les réchauffement ACTIVITÉs se POURSUIT humaines: Météo- France 1990 affirme Qué DEPUIS, et 2015 is bien partie Pour lui rafler la mise. Les CONSÉQUENCES - Fonte des glaces, Evolution du de la mer niveau et Climatiques se répecutent Changements sur Toute la planète. Phénomènes ne CÉS pas menacent la Biodiversity only Mais, also notre santé, Avec des effets sonores Qui se font d'minerais et Deja Sentir et si catastrophiques pourraient Devenir Ne est fait limitateur rien verser l'augmentation des températures. L'Organisation de la santé (OMS) prévoit AINSI, deS 2030, pres de 250 000 deces supplementaires par un Directement DUS OU indirectement au rechauffement global, AVRC verser Principales causes: la malnutrition, le paludisme, la diarrhée et le thermique stress (coup Chaleurs, par la chaleur épuisement, syncopes ...) de la Speaking Sauf Commission sur le et changement climatique la santé.

Dr Lebeau PEMHA THINA: Président AIPEA fondateur - AIPIA

N.B. VOICI LE TEXTE ORIGINAL CI DESSUS. CAR LE TEXTE CI DESSOUS PLACE EN LIGNE IL Y A 1 JOUR 12 HEURES A ETE MODIFIE OU TRAFIQUE S'IL VOUS PLAIT. JE VOUS PROPOSE DONC CELUI CI, EN REMPLACEMENT DE CELUI QUI SE TROUVE EN BAS AU NOM DE LEBEAU PEMHA THINA il ya UN JOUR ET 12 HEURES. PRIERE DONC, LE CORRIGER.

LEBEAU PEMHA THINA

Aurelien Carbonniere's picture

Aurelien Carbonniere said:

Humanity has to face multiple societal challenges such as food, energy, transport, health as well as to adapt to climate change. Seas and oceans are unique "laboratories" in the sense they concentrate most of these issues into one medium. Seas and oceans enable research communities to deal with inter-/multidisciplinary issues at the crossroads between economy-environment and society. The key challenge will be then to deal and address those inter/multidisciplinary issues and this require the mobilisation of combined multidisciplinary skills and competences . "New" marine research and knowledge will need to identify and exploit synergies between different disciplines, whether they are from the natural side (e.g. marine biology) and the socio-economical side (law, economics etc.). Cross-cutting research is therefore needed to address multidisciplinary challenges: such integrated research will be of great use for other stakeholders (notably policy makers and managers) who need clear integrated assessments at disposal prior to make sound decisions in complex situations. Hence, new forms of trainings and education (new type of University degrees) to achieve this objective should be further promoted in ocean/coastal related research.

There is also a strong need to stimulate open access to infrastructures worldwide: hence researchers can exchange new knowledge and skills while accessing new type of marine infrastructures, equipment and tools. This will enable data standardisation, harmonisation of calibration methods and comparison of tools and methods. Through (international) cooperation frameworks, such stimulation will increase the generation of new research outputs.

LEBEAU PEMHA THINA's picture

LEBEAU PEMHA THINA said:

La lutte contre le changement climatique l'could be Être etre ENJEU sanitaie Le plus importante du XXI ème siècle . L'augmentation de la température moyenne de l'atmosphère ET LA FONTE des compositions des océans provoquent, des neiges, l'acidification glaces des océans et l'élévation du niveau des mers. Elle le Cycle de l'eau et l modifie » augmentation de l'intensité juin entraine, et de La Frequence des Phénomènes Climatiques extrèmes: Canicule, sècheresse, Inondations , cyclones , etc ... Le rechauffement de la planete bel et bien is Une Réalité. la température de notre en 2012 Terre moyenne globale Était, en effet, de 0,86 ° C à 1881 ded Celle supérieure: SELON les Donnees Par le Groupe d » experts Intergouvernemental D'sur l'évolution recueillies du climat ( GIEC ). Et Causé par CE les ACTIVITÉs se POURSUIT rechauffement humaines: France 1990 Météo- Qué affirme DEPUIS, et 2015 est partie de bien Pour lui la mise rafler. Les CONSÉQUENCES - Fonte des glaces, Evolution du de la mer et Climatiques se répecutent sur niveau Toute la planète Changements. Phénomènes ne CÉS pas la Biodiversity ne menacent Mais aussi notre santé, Avec des effets sonores Qui se font d'Deja et Sentir et si minerals Ne en Devenir catastrophiques pourraient en est fait limitateur l'augmentation des Températures rien Verser. L'Organisation de la Santé ( OMS ), deS prévoit 2030 AINSI, pres de 250 000 décés Pär un OU DUS au rechauffement Directement global indirectement, les provoque AVRC Verser Principales: la malnutrition, le paludisme, la diarrhée et le contrainte thermique (coup Chaleurs, par la chaleur épuisement, syncopes ...) de la Commission la Prenant parole sur le et la Sauf changement climatique santé.

Dr Lebeau PEMHA THINA: Président AIPEA fondateur - AIPIA

Julian Barbiere's picture

Julian Barbiere said:

Welcome to the online forum on increasing scientific knowledge, and developing research capacity and transfer of marine technology to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to development (SDG14.a) in advance of The Ocean Conference. We are very pleased to be moderating this discussion and looking forward to hearing from you.
Let me start the discussion by stating that SDG Target 14a recognizes that scientific understanding of the ocean is fundamental to effectively manage human activities that affect the marine environment and the biota that it contains. Robust science is needed to inform all SDG 14 targets as well as other SDGs. How can we use this opportunity to strengthen marine research, sustain ocean observations, data collection and ultimately improve the deilivery of information to citizens and policy makers. Under question 1, we ask you to identify the key challenges you are facing in your country or region in developing marine science, ocean observation programmes? Are there any gaps in knowledge or capacity that needs to be urgently addressed? How can we strengthen the development of national ocean research policies to support sustainable development plans? We look forward to receiving your views!

Scientific Knowledge & Research Capacity - Question 2

What do you see as the priority actions which we can all rally around in global 'Calls for Action' in achieving Target 14.a to increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to development?

Log in or register to post comments
Avan Antia's picture

Avan Antia said:

The SDG Academy (sdgacademy.org) has gone a long way in promoting the knowledge base for sustainable development for many of the SDGs through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) that have reached a huge global audience. As one of their series, the MOOC “One Planet – One Ocean: From Science to Solutions” (www.oceanmooc.org) deals with the scientific basis for an integrated understanding of ocean processes and possible solutions for better management and governance. When broadcasting in 2017, we tapped into a large number of practitioners of ocean management, multipliers for communication of ocean issues and students looking to upgrade their knowledge. A re-broadcast is planned in 2017, and we welcome input at this planning stage from people who can contribute regional examples, who would be interested in partnering with us to use the MOOC broadcast for local learning groups, and/or to embed the issues in courses at universities or other institutions.

Integrated, relevant and insightful scientific knowledge is one of several prerequisites to sustainable development and as a group of scientists we are interested in learning more about how this knowledge can be brought to where it helps make informed decisions.

Tim Andrew's picture

Tim Andrew said:

One of the greatest challenges to achieving SDG14 and SDG14a in particular is to ensure participation from a local to global level. To make a difference, governments and other national level stakeholders need to take an active role and feel part of the process. This will require significant effort to firstly ensure that local and national support is built, actions are put in place to move forward, and that progress towards achievement of the goal is monitored at a local level. These actions will need to be integrated into other initiatives that are already ongoing, or new initiatives designed to specifically address SDG14.
While governments have agreed on moving forward to address the SDGs, at a regional and national level this can be a complicated process. In many countries, including developing ones, the priorities of Government are not always aligned to achievement of the SDGs, especially those related to the oceans and coast. Terrestrial environments continue to be priority in many countries, and other economic and geo-political processes often dominate domestic policy.
Political will and resources are required to support scientific research, the development of research capacity, and the sharing of information in support of the sustainable use of the ocean. There is a need to continue the process of building political will through greater science to policy interaction, where good science is made available in an understandable format to policy makers. Innovative climate financing schemes such as the Green Climate Fund and the Adaptation Fund need to be accessed by developing coastal states. The capacity to do this is still lacking in some countries, and needs to be addressed. In reality, countries most desperately in need of this support are often those that have the least capacity to access these funding schemes.
Capacity to generate the knowledge necessary to inform improved management of the ocean is another area that is often inadequate, and regional and international cooperation is one way of ensuring that available skills and capacity are shared. Young scientists, and especially young women, require support to reach their full potential and contribute to the generation of knowledge appropriate to achieving SDG14. A further capacity need is for the monitoring of progress towards SDG achievement. While there are guidelines to do this, at a regional level agreement needs to be reached on what indicators can be feasibly monitored by countries, and capacity and systems put in place to ensure that these monitoring programmes are useful to national and global efforts. Related to this is the sharing of information on an ongoing basis. Sustainable systems need to be in place to allow countries to contribute to the regional and global process.
More generally, regional programmes that relate to the oceans and coasts need to build-in the achievement of SDG14 into their design and implementation. Of particular importance is for these programmes to support participating countries in addressing SDG14, bearing in mind that many developing countries simply do not have the resources to do so on their own, and continue to rely on outside assistance in this regard. Of course, this approach should be seen as temporary, with the ideal of countries maintaining their own programmes in a sustainable manner being the longer term goal.
In terms of information and technology that is critical to support achievement of SDG14 at a global level, the poorly understood impacts of marine micro plastic pollution and the impacts of ocean acidification are areas requiring urgent attention. Without a better understanding of these types of threats, it is not possible to design possible solutions and mitigation measures. Research into these and other areas need to include elements leading to positive impact and potential solutions, rather than only address ‘interesting’ theoretical questions. Another area of research that could improve collaborative management of the ocean is on policy related to the deep sea and ABNJs. None of the global climate related threats can be solved by one country on its own, and ways need to be developed to ensure more effective management of the ocean as a whole.

Aurelien Carbonniere's picture

Aurelien Carbonniere said:

- Foster the emergence of an "integrated" marine knowledge which itself requires the development of a proper dedicated research (how to better exploit synergies between disciplines, how to adress the current gaps, how to link different groups of people?);- Promote effective interfaces and platforms/fora (eg. Science /policy interface) to exchange and discuss on cross-cutting issues : social and political sciences could be really needed to facilitate multiple interactions; - Foster the open access to research infrastructures to increase researchers' mobility and generate emulation, exchange of ideas and therefore new types of knowledge;- Promote and reinforce environmental education in schools

Cesar TORO's picture

Cesar TORO said:

Despite world economy and the life in the Planet depend on the Ocean, ocean affairs have received no significant attention.  Most of regions do not have a regional ocean policy and few countries have national ocean policy in place. Access to science for policy making is limited. It is difficult to access information needed for developing policy in general and in particular for supporting ocean related agreements, e.g. agreement on Biodiversity Beyond Areas of National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) currently being negotiated. As well, information needed to address much of SDG14 implementation and monitoring is limited or scarce.

Thus, a major priority should be focusing in producing sciences / improving access to data and information that support monitoring and implementation of already established ocean related agreements.

Lucy Scott's picture

Lucy Scott said:

Welcome to the online forum on increasing scientific knowledge, and developing research capacity and transfer of marine technology to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to development (SDG14.a) in advance of The Ocean Conference. We are very pleased to be moderating this discussion and looking forward to hearing from you.

For question 2, we are very interested to receive your input on priority actions. Please feel free to make your inputs on one or all of the questions we have posed here.

•    What do you see as some of the priority actions which we can all rally around in global  'Calls for Action' in achieving Target 14.a and to improve the current state of scientific knowledge and research capacity in order to improve ocean health?

•    What actions from local to global scales are needed to develop and support existing observational networks?

•    What actions have already been taken in your region/country?

•    What new actions are needed for capacity building, knowledge and data sharing, and policy to further assist in delivering to the needs of communities and the environment?

This forum will remain open until 17 April and we will monitor the inputs to ensure the discussion makes a substantive input to be carried to the Conference in June. Summaries of the responses will be compiled at the end of the discussion period and posted on the platform.

Your voice matters!  Make it count as the global community converges in June 2017 to commit to action to realize Sustainable Development Goal 14 to sustain Life Below Water for our and future generations!

Scientific Knowledge & Research Capacity - Question 3

Please share any innovative partnerships - existing or proposed - aimed at increasing scientific knowledge, developing research capacity or transferring marine technology to improve ocean health that you are aware of or involved in that could be featured at the June Ocean Conference and can advance effective actions from local to global levels.

Log in or register to post comments
Wendy Watson-Wright's picture

Wendy Watson-Wright said:

Dear Tommy, 

My thanks as well for introducing this discussion.

The Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI) is a recently created interdisciplinary transnational partnership headquartered at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, that will serve as a global hub for ocean exploration, discovery and solutions for safe and sustainable ocean development.

OFI includes the flagship universities in three Canadian Atlantic provinces, three federal government departments, the governments of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland & Labrador, the Royal Canadian Navy and the National Film Board of Canada.  OFI will link their expertise with eight major international research institutes in five countries including Ireland, Norway, Germany, France and the U.S.A. In addition, OFI has more than 20 industry partners ranging from local small businesses to international corporations like IBM.

The research being conducted through the OFI has three goals: 1) build scientific understanding of the changes that are underway in the globally significant Northwest Atlantic Ocean and adjacent Canadian Arctic Gateway; 2) create strategic and effective solutions for safe and sustainable ocean development; and 3) deliver strategically relevant ocean data science and technology tools.

Of specific importance is OFI's involvement in ocean literacy through its support of Ocean School, which began as a partnership between Dalhousie University and Canada's National Film Board.  OFI is also working with UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and others to promote ocean literacy and education on a global scale.  More information can be found at www.oceanfrontierinstitute.org .

Cheers!

Wendy Watson-Wright

CEO, OFI 

Tommy Moore's picture

Tommy Moore said:

So far we have had some great posts on the importance of multidisiplinary approaches that include both the public and private sectors, and on the formation of GOA-ON, a scientific community led effort that I think serves as a great model for innovative partnerships.

Our discussion is entering its last few days so lets keep the converstion going.  Remember, what we say here will feed in to the discussions during the UN Oceans Conference in June, so this is our chance to contribute to the global dialogue.

Aurelien Carbonniere's picture

Aurelien Carbonniere said:

Addressing global and multidisciplinary challenges in the marine realm requires a partnership approach. The sea is multidisciplinary by nature and concentrates all societal challenges. Therefore, new innovative research partnerships should be as inclusive as possible in order to adress jointly and more effectively multiple stressors, pressures and threats to the marine environment.

Such partnerships are between the private and public sectors. Both communities should join forces, aligning step by step their priorities so to better implement joint measures for a more visible, structural and tangible impact on future management systems. Links and synergistic interactions between different communities are no easy to establish though and requires suitable sociological/behavioral knowledge to facilitate them.

Maritime and marine research stakeholders are different "animals" (different scopes, objectives (short/medium/long) and visions) but with a common objective: all need safe, secure and sustainable marine environments. Improved observations of the oceans are for the benefits of human society.

Improved effort should be put to strenghten and reinforce those interactions (e.g. World Ocean Council for the Industry and different marine research networks worldwide).

Tommy Moore's picture

Tommy Moore replied:

Well said Aurelien.  

Engagment between the public and private sectors is important in ensuring that research fully benefits communities.  This is especially important in developing countries where research efforts are minimal and science is often not trusted or misunderstood.  Public-private partnerships are a key tool in demonstrating the value of research.

Tommy Moore's picture

Tommy Moore said:

Welcome to the online forum on increasing scientific knowledge, and developing research capacity and transfer of marine technology to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to development (SDG14.a) in advance of The Ocean Conference. We are very pleased to be moderating this discussion and looking forward to hearing from you. 

In particular, I am interested in receiving contributions about innovative partnerships - existing or proposed - aimed at increasing scientific knowledge, developing research capacity or transferring marine technology to improve ocean health that you are aware of or involved in that could be featured at the June Ocean Conference and can advance effective actions from local to global levels

This forum will remain open until 17 April and we will monitor the inputs and provide moderation to ensure the discussion effectively feeds makes a substantive input to be carried to the Conference in June. Summaries of the responses will be compiled at the end of the discussion period and posted on the platform.

Your voice matters!  Make it count as the global community converges in June 2017 to commit to action to realize Sustainable Development Goal 14 to sustain Life Below Water for our and future generations! 

Let me start the discussion with a brief summarry of the situation in the Pacific islands.  In the Pacific island countries and territories management of coastal and oceanic areas are often constrained by gaps in scientific understanding of our marine systems. Traditional knowledge is integral, but responses to the rapid changes in both ocean conditions and human populations require the combination of traditional and novel knowledge sources.

This gap in science and research information is particularly evident in ocean areas where global interests and pressures out-pace the capacity of Pacific island countries and territories to adequately understand and manage the area. Furthermore, Pacific island countries and territories urgently need increased science capacity to measure and monitor progress toward the SDG14 targets and indicators. Where data and local/traditional knowledge are available, there are still gaps in transferring this data and knowledge to decision-makers.

To this end we are proposing the formation of a Pacific Ocean Research Alliance, using the Atlantic Ocean Research Model as a model.

What innovative partnerships are you are aware of or developing that are working to  increase scientific knowledge, develope research capacity and/or transfer marine technology to improve ocean health?

I look forward to a useful and productive discussion that will lead us into the June 2017 Oceans Conference and beyond.

Libby Jewett's picture

Libby Jewett replied:

Dear Tommy,

Thank you for introducing this discussion. Currently, the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) is partnering with the IAEA and The Ocean Foundation to develop low-cost ocean acidification monitoring and experimentation kits for use by scientists in resource-poor regions. These kits will consist of pH sensors and biological monitoring hardware with the goal to build capacity for research as well as increase the spatial scale over which ocean acidification-related observing data are being collected. In addition, the Pier2Peer network, a GOA-ON initiative which launched last May 2016, pairs experienced scientists with early-career researchers to share knowledge - which is already benefiting the Pacific Islands region. These pairings can also form the basis for international research collaborations. I look forward to reading more on this forum about other innovative collaborations and partnerships.

Thanks,

Libby Jewett

Co-Chair, GOA-ON

Tommy Moore's picture

Tommy Moore replied:

Thanks for this Libby.

GOA-ON is a great example of a community-led research innitiative.  GOA-ON started as a group of experts who recognized a research and coordinationa gap and took the initiative to fill it.  GOA-ON serves as a model for reasearcer and tecnical expert led initiatives.  It would be great to hear about more iniatives of this sort on this forum, at any scale (local, national, regional, global).

socrates