Ocean Action Hub

[SDG Target 14.4] By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices... more

[SDG Target 14.6] By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and eliminate subsidies that contribute to IUU fishing... more

Definition

Fisheries and aquaculture contribute US$100 billion per year and about 260 million jobs to the global economy (UNDP, 2012). Women comprise 47 percent of the total workforce dependent on commercial capture fisheries for their livelihoods, including the post-harvest sector (World Bank, 2012).

Global wild fish catch has been flat at around 80-85 million metric tonnes per year since the late 1980’s; the additional global demand since then has largely been made up by the rapid growth in aquaculture which now supplies about half of annual global consumption of fish protein.

About 30% of global fish stocks are considered overexploited, 60% fully exploited, and only 10% underexploited (FAO, 2010). 20% of fish stocks are subject to illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, valued at $23 billion per year. Destructive fisheries subsidies that support unsustainable practices, total about $16 billion per year. World Bank/FAO estimate that the economic loss due to overfishing is now $83 billion per year (World Bank, 2017).

Latest

27 Feb 2020 - One in five fish caught in the central western Pacific, which includes the exclusive economic zones of Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Cambodia, is illegally traded.

Approved

26 Feb 2020 - The Guardian - Fishing ban has led to an increased consumption of the reef fish in the Pacific country – such as grouper, snapper and parrotfish – that the marine sa

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20 Feb 2020 - Humanity is pushing the world’s oceans to the brink. But as grave as the situation is, experts say there is reason for hope.

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7 Feb 2020 - In 2015 SDG 14.4 to end illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing by 2020 was seen as an achievable target, it is now a deadline we’re going to miss. But we have a suite of tools with which to take on IUU fishers.

 

Approved

23 Jan 2019 - Members discussed a new proposal from Canada on prohibiting subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and special flexibilities for developing and least developed countries to help them implement a future deal.

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1 Jan 2020 - National marine reserve was announced in 2015, with 80% of its waters being closed to commercial fishing from 2020.

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31 Dec 2019 - In just one generation, everything has changed. Fish species are dwindling, plant life is dying and the entire Mekong system is breaking apart.

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16 Dec 2019 - UNCTAD helps craft a strategy to reduce the country's reliance on basic fishery commodities and move up the value chain.

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11 Nov 2019 - Costa Rica seeks to optimize the potential of a sustainable wild capture fisheries sector.

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28 Oct 2019 - Governments, businesses, organizations and research institutions made commitments toward improving marine health and productivity worth more than $63 billion.

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22 Oct 2019 - Our appetite for fish is wreaking havoc on aquatic populations worldwide. The solution is involving all levels of society, from consumers to policy makers.

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7 Oct 2019 - Massive global expansion of tuna fisheries also poses a threat to sharks and other species, says study.

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