Ocean Action Hub
Most of the marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world, estimated to number about 5000, have been established both on an ad hoc basis and through systematic planning processes. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) requires that Party states establish, by 2012, comprehensive, effectively managed, and ecologically representative national and regional systems of protected areas, and that there should be effective conservation of at least 10% of each of the world's ecological regions by 2010. Many countries have established their own national targets which provide an incentive for the introduction of a systematic conservation planning approach to the establishment of MPAs, and there are now many initiatives to develop ecologically representative MPA networks (UNEP-WCMC, 2008, p. i).

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This present study identified an area of 285.48 km2 which can be a potential...
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A publication featuring first blue solutions from Asia and the Pacific. This...
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This Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper presents case studies of the...
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This technical report is intended to provide a foundation for further case...
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While showcasing successes from across the UNDP/GEF’s portfolio of protected...
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Aimed at policy-makers, this book explains how protected areas contribute...
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ICES Journal of Marine Science 66: 6–15 Planning, implementing, and managing...
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