[SDG 14.5] By 2020, conserve at least 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information.
Most of the marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world, estimated to number about 5000, have been established both on an ad hoc basis and through systematic planning processes. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) requires that Party states establish, by 2012, comprehensive, effectively managed, and ecologically representative national and regional systems of protected areas, and that there should be effective conservation of at least 10% of each of the world's ecological regions by 2010. Many countries have established their own national targets which provide an incentive for the introduction of a systematic conservation planning approach to the establishment of MPAs, and there are now many initiatives to develop ecologically representative MPA networks (UNEP-WCMC, 2008, p. i).
3 Mar 2019 - In December, Argentina took a big step toward reaching its SDG14 commitment with the creation of two large marine protected areas, giving reason for hope on progress towards meeting the UN target of protecting 10% of the ocean by 2020.
3 Mar 2019 - Conservation groups are turning to tech solutions to generate knowledge and make it accessible to others. The Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) was developed to improve the performance of protected areas.