Ocean Action Hub

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a heterogeneous group of islands that share some common features that make them economically, socially and environmentally vulnerable. Spread over four regions, namely the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, West Africa and the Pacific, SIDS are particularly small, remote, insular and highly exposed to natural disasters and climate change risks. “Smallness” in terms of area, population and economies constitutes a key driver of vulnerability as it also implies small domestic markets with limited scope for exploitation of economies of scale; a narrow resource base leading to limited export opportunities; and the production of a narrow range of crops, minerals and manufactures which in turn leads to high dependence on imports (including food, fuel and manufactures). A high level of specialization in exports and dependence on imports increases exposure to global economic and financial shocks, including price volatility. Small economies and populations limit employment opportunities and can lead to high migration rates especially of skilled human resources and to a narrowing of the skill base. High migration rates can also generate a positive feedback through the remittances sent back by migrants. Meanwhile, insularity and remoteness are inherent to SIDS and contribute to heightening their vulnerability as remoteness, distance and isolation drive transport costs (UNCTAD, 2014, p.13).

Latest

4 Jan 2018 - Such calls and commitments provide opportunities to raise awareness, promote engagement, and catalyze political will for action on the part of states as well as public and private sectors.

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10 Dec 2018 - How can new and scaled up investments in coastal areas build the resilience of countries and communities and increase their capacity to cope with climate change?

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30 Nov 2018 - How can Maldives source the finance it needs to meet the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and what opportunities are offered by new innovative financing models?

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28 Nov 2018 - Innovative UNDP-supported climate change adaptation project will restore reefs, protect food security and promote disaster risk reduction.

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21 Nov 2018 - Small islands are seeing the tangible advantages of pivoting their national development strategies towards the sustainable use of the ocean.
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20 Nov 2018 - This paper examines some of the most innovative approaches to the...
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14 Nov 2018 - The old ideas of “smallness” and “remoteness” of SIDS are giving rise to “agility,” “potentiality,” and what are now called “large ocean states.”

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13 Nov 2018 - Vince joined UNDP Ocean Action Hub’s global campaign to #respect and help #SaveOurOcean in September 2018. He shares his story from the campaign.

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7 Nov 2018 - How a temporary fishery closure increased octopus population and improved the livelihoods of fishers in the island of Rodrigues and mainland Mauritius.

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5 Nov 2018 - The Republic of Seychelles has launched the world’s first sovereign blue bond—a pioneering financial instrument designed to support sustainable marine and fisheries projects.

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2 Nov 2018 - The Pacific archipelago is to ban sunscreens that some researchers believe are killing off coral reefs.

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1 Nov 2018 - Traditional knowledge and cultural heritage bring unique perspectives.

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